Standard recycle rate of Lead acid batteries is lower than 30%, still a long way to go
According to relevant media reports, the number of waste lead-acid batteries produced in China each year has exceeded 3.3 million tons, while the operating units that hold hazardous waste business licenses have recovered less than 30%, and even lower in some regions. A large number of waste lead-acid batteries were resold to illegal disposal companies through recycling dens. A large number of waste lead-acid batteries are shipped freely using various vehicles; the storage location is simple, and even outdoor storage, and there are basically no environmental protection measures; and a few small merchants and hawkers have already sold The battery was disassembled and the lead-acid liquid was empty.
It can be seen from the above data: the severity of the damage caused by lead-acid batteries to the environment. Although the country has promoted the replacement of lead-acid batteries with lithium batteries, the lead-acid battery has been used in civilian fields due to its cost advantage It remains high, and lead acid recovery in the civil sector is also the most chaotic.
According to the data of 2017-2022 Analysis Report on China’s Lead-Acid Battery Industry Market Forecast and Investment Strategic Planning" released by the Institute of Foresight Industry, the output of lead-acid batteries in China increased year by year from 2010 to 2014, and maintained a high growth rate. Speed; in 2011, the output of lead-acid batteries in China was 142.3 million kVA, an increase of 24.64% year-on-year, the largest increase in recent years; in 2015, the output of lead-acid batteries was about 211.5 million kVA, a year-on-year decrease 4.78%, the largest decline in recent years, and the first decline in lead-acid battery production in five years. In 2016, the output of China’s lead-acid batteries was 205.255 million kVA, a year-on-year decrease of 2.20%.
Lead-acid batteries have been widely used in the market due to their low price, stable quality, and high reliability. However, their short life, low specific energy, and frequent maintenance cannot be ignored. The most criticized is the production and disposal of lead-acid batteries. Possible environmental pollution problems.
The advancement of lithium batteries in the civilian market has been relatively slow due to cost issues. Although the overall cost-effectiveness has obvious advantages over lead-acid batteries, relying on the market’s self-driving force, the advancement speed is far less than that of new energy vehicles. The emergence of shared motorcycles in recent days may be due to the innovation of business models to promote the positive role of lithium batteries in the civilian market.